The phrase Myers Briggs is most often used to describe a personality theory developed by Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother Katherine Briggs. It explains some of the main differences between people and is often used to help choose a career, improve relationships, develop leadership skills, etc.
When the phrase Myers Briggs is used in the name of a personality questionnaire, it refers specifically to the commercial Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® instrument, published by Consulting Psychologists Press. However, there are many alternative questionnaires that produce a similar result.
There is a lot to Myers Briggs theory, though at its heart are four simple preferences. Do you prefer to deal with:
- People and things (Extraversion or “E”), or ideas and information (Introversion or “I”).
- Facts and reality (Sensing or “S”), or possibilities and potential (Intuition or “N”).
- Logic and truth (Thinking or “T”), or values and relationship (Feeling or “F”).
- A lifestyle that is well-structured (Judgment or “J”), or one that goes with the flow (Perception or “P”).
In Myers Briggs theory, for each pair, you prefer one style over the other. You combine the letters associated with your preferences to get your Myers Briggs personality type. For example, having preferences for E, S, T, and J gives a personality type of ESTJ. Although you have preferences, you still use all eight styles – in the same way, that most people are right-handed but they still use both hands.
1. Extraversion and Introversion –
The first pair of styles are concerned with the direction of your energy.
- If you prefer to direct your energy to deal with people, things, situations, or “the outer world”, then your preference is for Extraversion.
- If you prefer to direct your energy to deal with ideas, information, explanations or beliefs, or “the inner world”, then your preference is for Introversion.
2. Sensing and Intuition –
The second pair concerns the type of information/things that you process.
- If you prefer to deal with facts, what you know, to have clarity, or to describe what you see, then your preference is for Sensing.
- If you prefer to deal with ideas, look into the unknown, to generate new possibilities or to anticipate what isn’t obvious, then your preference is for Intuition.
The letter N is used for intuition because I have already been allocated to Introversion.
3. Thinking and Feeling –
The third pair reflects your style of decision-making.
- If you prefer to decide on the basis of objective logic, using an analytic and detached approach, then your preference is for Thinking.
- If you prefer to decide using values – i.e. on the basis of what or who you believe is important – then your preference is for Feeling.
4. Judgment and Perception –
The final pair describes the type of lifestyle you adopt.
- If you prefer your life to be planned, stable and organized then your preference is for Judging (not to be confused with ‘Judgmental’, which is quite different).
- If you prefer to go with the flow, to maintain flexibility and respond to things as they arise, then your preference is for Perception.
When you put these four letters together, you get your personality type code. Having four pairs to choose from means there are sixteen Myers Briggs personality types
1. ISTJ – The Duty Fulfiller
Serious and quiet, interested in security and peaceful living. Extremely thorough, responsible, and dependable. Well-developed powers of concentration. Usually interested in supporting and promoting traditions and establishments. Well-organized and hard-working, they work steadily towards identified goals. They can usually accomplish any task once they have set their mind to it.
Portrait of an ISTJ – Introverted Sensing Thinking Judging
(Introverted Sensing with Extraverted Thinking)
As an ISTJ,
- Your primary mode of living is focused internally, where you take things in via your five senses in a literal, concrete fashion.
- Your secondary mode is external, where you deal with things rationally and logically.
1. ISTJs are quiet and reserved individuals who are interested in security and peaceful living. They have a strongly-felt internal sense of duty, which lends them a serious air and the motivation to follow through on tasks. Organized and methodical in their approach, they can generally succeed at any task which they undertake.