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What Is a Narcissistic Collapse

A need for constant acknowledgment, admiration and superiority are things what makes a narcissist. But, when their beliefs get threatened, they experience a sense of narcissistic collapse. The fear of being publicly humiliated can lead a them to stop functioning.

Learn more about collapsed narcissist behavior.

Written By: Elinor Greenberg Ph.D.


  • Narcissists can experience a narcissistic collapse when faced with a situation resulting in public humiliation and failure.
  • During a narcissistic collapse, the narcissistic defenses that keep them confident are no longer working.
  • In a narcissistic collapse, they feel extremely anxious, depressed, ashamed, and may be unable to keep functioning.

Many people picture narcissists as supremely confident people who never suffer from self-doubt. The reality is quite different. People with narcissistic personality disorder have unstable self-esteem and underlying shame and worthlessness. They depend on other people to give them the external validation they need to feel confident and special.

As a result of their dependence on external validation and their value on their public image, narcissists can experience a debilitating narcissistic collapse when they anticipate a humiliating public failure.

The anxiety associated with the idea of being exposed as flawed can interfere with their mustering enough defensive grandiosity to support their self-esteem. Without the prop of their grandiosity, they can sink into a shame-based depression in which they are afraid of the future and can no longer function in the present.

In extreme cases, narcissists may attempt suicide because they view death as less dreadful than being publicly exposed as an inadequate fake.

Note: I am using the terms narcissist, narcissistic, and NPD in this article as shorthand to describe someone that qualifies for a complete diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder.

Narcissistic Collapse
Narcissistic Breakdown: What Is Narcissistic Collapse

Read: What You Should Know About Narcissists, NPD, And Their Partners

The GOD Defense of Exhibitionist Narcissists

If we look at the common exhibitionist subtype of narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) that most people think of when they hear the term narcissist, it is fairly easy to see that they use a simple three-part defense to create a façade of extreme self-confidence. I call this the “GOD defense.”

G – Grandiosity:

They act as if they are special and entitled to do or say whatever they want. Grandiose motto: “I am special.”

O – Omnipotent:

They make all sorts of unrealistic claims about how powerful and knowledgeable they are. Omnipotent motto: “I can do anything, and I know everything worth knowing,”

D – Devaluing:

They feel free to attack and devalue anyone who is not clearly above them in their status hierarchy. Devaluing motto: “You are worthless, defective garbage, and are here to serve me.”

Exhibitionist narcissists act as if they are special, make exaggerated claims about what they know and what they can do, and devalue other people. As long as their GOD defense is working well, they feel great.

What Is Narcissistic Collapse?

I have seen a few moderate to high functioning clients with narcissistic personality disorder who entered psychotherapy in a collapsed state because they could no longer keep up the pretense that they were special. By collapse, I mean that they were extremely anxious and depressed and could not continue functioning at work or home.

These clients had been high achievers at work, and on the surface, their life appeared quite enviable. Now, something had shifted, they could no longer maintain their defensive grandiosity, and they believed that they were in danger of being publicly exposed as fakes and failures—or already had been.

Signs of Narcissistic Collapse Through Examples

Here are some examples with the details changed to protect these clients.

Example—Fred and the Exam

Fred, an exhibitionist narcissist, had risen through the ranks in his company. Over the years, as he gained power, he became more and more overtly grandiose.

When the company was sold, and the new owner took charge, he was not very impressed by Fred and what he had accomplished. Changes were implemented, and one of those was that additional training was required of all managers. As part of that training, they had to take a new state licensing exam that qualified them to take on new responsibilities.

Unfortunately, Fred had never been a good student, and passing exams was very hard for him. As more and more department members passed the exam, Fred felt increasingly afraid. He lost all confidence that he would pass and imagined how everyone in the department would laugh at him when they learned that he had failed.

Fred felt trapped. He knew that he was not making progress studying, but he was too embarrassed to admit that and ask for help. And he knew that if he took the exam and failed, he would be publicly humiliated in front of his colleagues.

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Dr. Elinor Greenberg PhD, CGP

Elinor Greenberg, Ph.D., CGP, is an internationally renowned Gestalt therapy trainer who specializes in teaching the diagnosis and treatment of Borderline, Narcissistic, and Schizoid adaptations in a lively and practical way. She has trained psychotherapists in her approach in the US, Norway, Sweden, Wales, England, Russia, and Mexico. Dr. Greenberg is the author of the book: Borderline, Narcissistic, and Schizoid Adaptations: The Pursuit of Love, Admiration and Safety.View Author posts