Depression is more than just feeling sad and blue, and if only it was that simple. Everyone at some point feels sad, anxious, unhappy, and down in the dumps, but being sad doesn’t always mean you’re depressed. Additionally, depression is not a uni-dimensional disorder and can have different sub-types. So, what are the different types of depression, and are there different types of depression?
The answer is YES.
There are many different types of depression that plague thousands of people around the world, and all the different types of depression can be caused by life events, situations, or chemical changes in the brain. Some of the most common symptoms of depression are fatigue, physical pain, hopelessness, loss of interest in life, and suicidal thoughts and tendencies.
The DSM-5 definition of depression says if anybody is experiencing these symptoms for more than 15 days, they are going through a depressive episode.
Knowing what are the different types of depression, and understanding how each one of them works can make it a bit easier for you to deal with it in the right way. The more you know about all this, the better your diagnosis and recovery journey will be.
Read on to know more about all types of depression disorders.
What Are The Different Types Of Depression?
find below the 10 most common types of depression
1. Clinical Depression or Major Depression
This is one of the most common types of depression where people suffering from this experience a constant feeling of sadness and don’t show any interest in their external world. You might be suffering from clinical depression if the symptoms have been persisting for more than 2 weeks.
- Complete loss of interest in activities you used to enjoy doing
- Detachment from close ones
- Suicidal thoughts
- Tired, lethargic and exhausted
- Extreme mood swings
- Lashing out at close ones
- Feeling guilty and worthless
- Oversleeping or undersleeping
- Finding it hard to focus
- Feelings of restlessness and agitation
- Extreme pessimism and negative thinking
- Weight gain or weight loss
There are several methods of treatment available for dealing with this depression type, such as anti-depressant medications, electroconvulsive therapy, cognitive-behavioral disorder (CBT), natural treatments, and psychotherapy. The mode of treatment will vary from person to person and will depend on the severity and degree of your symptoms.
2. Bipolar Disorder or Manic Depression
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression is a mental health condition that causes changes in thinking, energy, behavior, and acute fluctuations in mood and sleep. Manic depression doesn’t just make you ‘feel blue’, the depressive thoughts going on in your mind can lead you to have suicidal thoughts, that sometimes change suddenly into extreme happiness and excitement.
Additionally, the risk of suicide in bipolar and manic depressive patients is 15 times higher than that of the general population and is one of the most common types of depression out there.
- Anxious and irritable personality
- Loss of self-worth, self-esteem and feeling extremely demotivated
- Disorganized and indecisive
- Risk-taking behaviors
- Being impulsive, restless, and hyperactive
- Sadness, apathy and extreme mood swings
- Excessive aggression and self-harming tendencies
- Extreme sexual desire
- Paranoia and difficulty falling asleep
- Feeling excessively tired or frenzied speaking
Even though no cure has been found yet for bipolar disorder, the best treatment options for this depression type are psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), family therapy, support groups, psychoeducation, and medications. In some cases, hospitalization can also help bipolar patients tremendously when it comes to recovery.
3. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
If you tend to gain weight, feel very sleepy and depressed during winter, but feel energetic, and happier during spring, then you might be suffering from Seasonal Affective Disorder, also known as major depressive disorder with a seasonal pattern. However, it can also occur during the summer and is known as summer-pattern seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
SAD is believed to be triggered when there’s a disruption in the normal circadian rhythm in your body. Amongst all the different types of depression, most of the time SAD is not diagnosed at all or is diagnosed very late due to the fact that most people tend to overlook and ignore their symptoms, or think that they are normal.