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The 8 Faces of Depression: Identifying the Types and Symptoms of Depression

The 8 Faces of Depression Identifying the Types and Symptoms of Depression

The sudden deaths of iconic fashion designer Spade and celebrity chef Bourdain have left the entire world in shock and focused a bright light on the tragedy of suicide.

 According to a report published by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 45000 people in the United States committed suicide in 2016 alone, making suicide the 10th leading cause of death.

Social media has conditioned us to display only happy and shiny parts of our lives. In our bid to keep up with Joneses we have learned to put up a brave and happy face despite how we are feeling inside.

It has resulted in a steep increase in the number of individuals who are high functioning and successful but suffer from crippling anxiety or severe depression in silence.

 According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, more than 18.6 percent of Americans suffer from anxiety disorders and 6.7 percent live with depression.

Depression is a serious illness and it is time we start to understand the nature of the illness and remove the stigma around mental health that causes many individuals to suffer in silence.

Depression is not just about feeling sad or lonely. What separates depression from sadness is that the latter is about melancholy while depression persists.

A person suffering from depression struggles with overwhelming feelings of grief, hopelessness, worthlessness, and emptiness on daily basis. The severity of these feelings can actually rob the person of the simple inertia to even perform day to day functions.

That's The Thing About Depression

Depression can manifest in the myriad number of forms and can be triggered by a number of causes.

Identifying the types and symptoms of depression is the first step toward healing.

Different types of Depression and healing modality:

 

1) Situational depression

Situational depression is caused when you have trouble dealing with a sudden or stressful event in your life like divorce, loss of a job or loved one or while changing careers or moving to a new country.

The psychologists may refer to this as “Stress Response syndrome” and they can help you in this transition phase through counseling and psychotherapy.

 

2) Major Depressive Disorder

Major Depressive Disorder is the most common form of depression.

If you feel any five or more of the below-mentioned symptoms over a persistent period of time lasting at least two weeks, you are likely suffering from Major Depressive Disorder:

  • Insomnia or oversleeping
  • The feeling of hopelessness or pessimism
  • Feelings of guilt, shame or worthlessness
  • Feelings of irritability or restlessness
  • Overeating or loss of appetite
  • Loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyed
  • Persistent feelings of emptiness and sadness.

The severity of these symptoms will vary from person to person and in extreme cases, it can cripple your ability to work, sleep, study, eat or experience life in general.

This type of depression can be treated by a combination of psychotherapy or medications like Antidepressants.

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Written by Shweta Advani

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To my best friend that I never knew I needed

To my best friend that I never knew I needed