Understanding The Difference Between Sadness and Depression


Understanding Difference Between Sadness Depression

Emotions are a part of our lives. It plays a significant role in determining our state of mind. We all feel sad when something is not going our way or when we experience mood swings. Many a time, one can’t tell the difference between sadness and depression.

Like failing an exam, not getting a job, getting divorced or financial issues – these affect our mood and trigger sadness. Sadness is an emotional state and is considered a normal response to any unfavorable or painful situations we may encounter in our daily lives. The intensity of sadness may vary depending on the life event we experience. For instance, when we lose a pet, the intensity of sadness we feel is greater than what we would feel if we lose a pen.

What Is The Difference Between Sadness and Depression?

Depression is a mental health condition characterized by extreme sadness that interferes with the daily functioning of our lives. Whereas sadness is an emotion that everyone experiences. However, an individual with depression experiences multiple symptoms such as constant feelings of sadness, irritability, or suicidal thoughts.

If left untreated, depression can last longer. One report found that an estimated 17.3 million (7.1%) adults in the United States had at least one major depressive episode. Sadness and depression often go hand in hand. Hence it is essential to understand the difference between sadness and depression. 

Read also The 7 Physical Signs of Extreme Sadness

Here Are 5 Differences Between Sadness and Depression

1. Depression lasts longer than sadness. 

The Important Difference Between Sadness and Depression

Sadness is a temporary emotion that fades with time. It can last for a few hours before it starts to fade or decrease. Even during the sad phase, there may be moments where you may feel okay. During this, you are able to enjoy the things you love like listening to music, read, or go out with your friends.

However, depression is a persistent feeling of sadness. The individual experiencing it finds it difficult to snap out of it. It lasts longer than sadness and you tend to experience other symptoms such as anxiety or suicidal thoughts. Depression tends to define your entire day and you feel like you can never feel better or happy again.

2. Sadness is an emotional reaction while depression is an abnormal mental state

Emotions are a normal part of our lives. We all experience happiness, sadness, anger, frustration, disappointment almost every day. Sadness is a natural and healthy emotional response to any unfavorable situation. We feel sad when we have a fight with a parent or a friend. We feel sad when things don’t go the way we want. 

However, depression is a mental health condition that requires treatment and therapy. The major difference between sadness and depression is that depression occurs for no apparent reason. You tend to feel upset out of the blue and you can’t quite understand why. They experience a lack of concentration and have negative thoughts about their future. They feel helpless and out of control of their emotions

Loss of a loved one may trigger depression as well. However, it is difficult to distinguish between grief and depression since symptoms such as lack of sleep or loss of appetite are a part of the grieving process. People who are grieving tend to accept the love and support from family or friends but people with depression tend to isolate themselves and refuse help. 

In addition to this, depressed individuals experience feelings of guilt or shame. But sad or grieving individuals may not experience the same.

Related: 5 Things To Do If You Feel Depressed For No Reason

3. Sadness is an emotion while depression is a mental illness

Sadness is a basic human emotion. Sadness is an essential part of our journey through life because without feeling sadness you may never know what happiness feels like. It may even prove helpful in difficult life experiences such as break up or rejection.

The Difference Between Being Sad and Depressed

Depression is a mental illness characterized by persistent sadness for no apparent reason. It may also significantly interfere with the individual’s day-to-day functioning. A person who is depressed must experience depressive symptoms for at least two weeks. Some of the depressive symptoms may include:

  • Lack of motivation
  • Disruptive sleeping patterns and eating patterns
  • Lack of concentration
  • Feeling worthless
  • Suicidal thoughts or tendencies

4. Sadness is personal while depression is diagnosable

Sadness is personal and this emotion is entirely dependent on you. It is completely subjective and independent. Depression is diagnosable and has set criteria that an individual has to fulfil. The time period is not the only criteria. In addition to this, a specific number of symptoms are required for an official diagnosis. Some of the criteria can include:

  • Feeling depressed throughout the day
  • Lack of interest in the activities you once enjoyed
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Disruptive sleeping and eating patterns

5. Sadness is temporary while depression is permanent

Sad thoughts are temporary. Your mood can swing from happy to sad in seconds or hours. Even when you are sad, you can go about your day normally. However, if you have clinical depression, you may find it difficult to endure life. 

Depression is more permanent and requires treatment. If left untreated, it can have dire consequences. Depressed people have suicidal thoughts and tendencies as well. Studies suggest that the risk of suicide has been estimated to be 5% to 8% for several mental disorders such as depression or substance use disorders. 

When does sadness turn into depression?

The Difference Between Being Sad and Depressed

Although sadness is an emotional response, it is important to be aware of the signs of sadness that turn into depression. These symptoms can significantly impact one’s life and interfere with their daily functioning. Some of the signs of sadness and clinical depression include:

  • Constant feelings of sadness
  • Feeling hopeless
  • Lack of interest in activities that were once enjoyed by the individual
  • Feeling guilty or unworthy
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Physical symptoms such as headache, body ache or digestive distress
  • Suicidal thoughts or tendencies
  • Changes in sleeping and eating patterns
  • Lack of concentration

Sadness vs depression

Sadness is a temporary emotion and can often be overcome with certain lifestyle adjustments. In case you experience these symptoms for more than two weeks, it is essential to seek professional help. The sooner you realize, the easier it is to change the situation.

Depression is a mental health condition that can be treated with medication and therapy. Taking control of depression requires effort and determination. Including physical activity in your daily routine or focusing on doing the things you love can go a long way to improve your mood and mental health.

Read also 5 Ways To Eliminate Sadness from your Life

We all experience times in our lives when we feel miserable. We wake up not wanting to leave the bed or feeling listless. If you’re going through something similar, try to seek support from someone you trust. Sharing and talking to someone always helps.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the 3 levels of depression?

There are three main levels of depression: Mild, Moderate and Severe. Mild depression refers to constant sadness, moderate depression is low mood, sleep difficulties and some other physical symptoms. Whereas severe depression includes feelings of hopelessness, guilt even suicidal tendencies.

Is there a minor depression?

Minor depression also known as mild depression is a mood disorder that is not as severe as major depressive disorder. However, the symptoms are noticeable and can affect an individuals day to day life.

What is the most severe form of depression?

Clinical depression, often known as major depression, is a more severe form of depression. It’s characterized by a chronic low mood or a loss of interest in activities, which can make everyday living difficult.

Differences Sadness and Depression
The Fundamental Differences between Sadness and Depression
Differences Sadness Depression pin
The Important Difference Between Sadness and Depression
Understanding Difference Between Sadness Depression pin
Difference Between Sadness Depression

— Share —

— About the Author —

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Up Next

7 Red Flags Of A Fragile Male Ego

Red Flags Of A Fragile Male Ego

Welcome to a straightforward look at the fragile male ego – a sensitive part of a man’s identity that can easily sway. This is not about generalization; it is about highlighting the actions that come up when a man’s self-assurance is shaken.

We are going to talk about eight things that show how a man may be fighting his ego today. If you are a man who struggles with fragile male ego syndrome, then you have come to the right place. Don’t beat yourself up for being like this, the fact that you are here and trying to figure what is what, shows you are interested in working on this.

So, ready to take a deep

Up Next

How To Tell If ‘People-Pleasing’ Is A Fawn Trauma Response? 10 Signs To Look For!

Fawn Trauma Response: Warning Signs Of People-Pleasing

Ever feel like going the extra mile to please others even if it meant that your own needs were being ignored? Well, maybe you’ve heard of a thing called “fawn trauma response.” Let’s unpack this and see if it sounds familiar.

What Does Fawning Mean?

When someone fawns, they excessively seek approval or avoid conflicts by pleasing other people. Therapist Peter Walker invented the concept of the fawn response as a way of describing a situation in which an individual’s reaction to trauma is focused on the needs of others and not on himself/herself.

Up Next

How To Deal With Despair: 5 Steps To Deal With Lingering Emotional Pain

How To Deal With Despair: Effective Strategies To Heal

Living with despair and dealing with it day in and day out can be an exhausting thing to go through. However, there is light at the end of the tunnel. Knowing how to deal with despair, especially knowing the right strategies can help you transform your pain into strength. Let’s explore what it feels like to deal with despair, and how to deal with despair.


Every life is eventually touched by tragedy. No one is exempt from sufferings such as illness or the loss of a loved one.

Ways to reduce despair include acknowledging rather than hiding it, avoiding toxic positivity, and seeking out fellowship.

Up Next

10 Healthy Things To Do When You Feel Lonely, According To Therapists

Healthy Things To Do When You Feel Lonely

Feeling lonely can hit like a ton of bricks, whether you’re dealing with adulting, moving away from home or breaking up. But don’t worry because mental health experts suggest some things to do when you feel lonely.

It is not loneliness that is determined only by external factors like physical isolation, but a complex feeling that can take up one’s whole life no matter how many people are around.

Up Next

Mental Health and Holidays: How to Safeguard Your Mental Health Amidst Holiday Hustle And Bustle

Mental Health and Holidays: Strategies For Wellness

Holiday season is usually presented as a time of happiness, enjoyment and unity. However, for many people, this season may also trigger anxiety, grief or depression. Let’s learn about mental health and holidays.

In our excitement to meet up with family members and carry out different celebrations such as Christmas festivities, it is important to put our mental health first and think about the impact the holiday season might have on us psychologically.

Today we will explore the issue of mental health during the holidays highlighting holiday blues, stress and strategies that can be used to make it easier for you through this period.

Mental Health and Holidays 

Up Next

Feeling Alone In The Season of Togetherness? 5 Tips To Cope With Loneliness On Holidays

Feeling Loneliness On Holidays? Tips To Brighten Your Days

Winter celebrations like Christmas, Hanukkah, or Kwanzaa are all about having fun with friends and family. But sometimes, even with all the happiness around, you might get the feeling of loneliness on holidays.

If you’re dealing with bouts of loneliness, it’s important to know that you’re not the only one, and there are ways to deal with it. Dealing with long-lasting loneliness might need some special help. But there are also simple things you can do when you’re feeling lonely during the holidays.

This guide is here to help you understand and handle holiday loneliness. We’ll give you easy tips to feel better and enjoy the festive season more. Let’s beat those holiday blues together with simple steps and support. Happy holidays!

Up Next

Are Your Holidays Lacking Sparkle? Try These 12 Amazing Holiday Tips!

Amazing Holiday Tips To Add Sparkle To Your Celebration

After clearing the Thanksgiving dishes and checking our money situation after Black Friday, we realize the holiday season is just getting started! And you have so much left to do!

Getting through the holidays without stress can be hard. But even with all the holiday tasks, we can try to remember to take a deep breath.

To make things less stressful, here are some really good holiday tips. They’re like a guide to help you smoothly go through the Christmas season without too much trouble.

Holiday Tips To Reduce Stress

Take a look at the below holiday tips to have a stress free experience this season: