Do Females Live Longer Than Males? Exploring The Science Behind It

Do Females Live Longer Than Males? Science Backed Revelations

Have you ever wondered why some grandmothers seem to have an uncanny ability to outlive their grandfathers? Or why it’s often said that women tend to outlast men in the game of life? Do females live longer than males? And who live longer men or women?

The topic of gender differences in life expectancy has long piqued the curiosity of scientists and the general public alike. Let’s delve into the intriguing question: Why do females live longer and how much longer do women live than men? 

We will explore the scientific evidence, unravel the contributing factors, and shed light on the complex interplay between biology, behavior, and societal influences.

Do females live longer than males?

Yes, on average, females tend to live longer than males. This phenomenon is observed in many parts of the world and has been consistent over time. One 2018 study exploring the question  – “Do men have worse health than women?” found that “Male life expectancy is lower than female life expectancy in all countries.”

Okay so now we know who live longer men or women. But how much longer do women live than men? About five years on average. Among humans, women’s life span is almost 8% on average longer than men’s life span. This longevity gap is a consistent demographic trend observed in various countries around the world. While there is some natural variability, statistics consistently show that women outlive men.

This difference in life expectancy has been attributed to various factors, including biological, behavioral, and social elements. According to a 2021 study, “Explanations lie in both biology and social determinants, including dominant gender roles and practices.”

Related: The Science Of Smart Partners: Men Who Marry Smart Women Live Longer Says Science

Studies have revealed substantial gender differences in numerous prevalent diseases and conditions. Yet, although some of the gender-related differences in life expectancy may be attributable to biological distinctions, the magnitude of these disparities and their evolution over time and across different regions in reaction to socio-economic changes indicate that intrinsic biological factors alone cannot provide a complete explanation.

So do females live longer than males? Researchers have also found that “even when mortality was very high, women lived longer on average than men.” This is primarily due to variations in infant mortality rates. Baby girls exhibited a greater ability to survive adverse conditions compared to their male counterparts. 

“These results support the view that the female survival advantage is modulated by a complex interaction of biological environmental and social factors,” suggest the researchers. 

It has also been found that women live longer as men are more prone to develop arteriosclerotic heart disease due to “greater cigarette smoking among men” and “possibly a protective role of female hormones.” Higher death rates in men are also influenced by “accidents, suicide, and cirrhosis of the liver.”

“Although women live longer, they suffer greater morbidity particularly late in life,” suggests a 2017 study

While multiple factors contribute to the gender-based longevity gap, it’s important to recognize that individual health and lifespan are influenced by a complex interplay of genetics, lifestyle choices, and access to healthcare. 

Efforts to promote healthier behaviors and equal access to healthcare for all genders are important steps toward closing this gap.

Now that we have answered “Do females live longer than males?” and “How much longer do women live than men?”, let’s try to uncover the reasons for this.

Why Do Females Live Longer Than Males

The question of why females tend to live longer than males is a complex one with multiple contributing factors. While there is no single definitive answer, several key reasons have been identified through scientific research. 

Let’s explore some of the main factors that help shed light on this intriguing phenomenon:

1. Biological Factors

Biological differences between males and females play a significant role in life expectancy. Women have two X chromosomes, while men have one X and one Y chromosome. 

The presence of two X chromosomes provides a genetic advantage, as it offers a backup system for potential genetic mutations that could lead to diseases. In contrast, men have a higher vulnerability to genetic disorders linked to the Y chromosome.

Estrogen, a hormone primarily found in females, has been implicated in the aging process. It possesses protective effects on the cardiovascular system, reducing the risk of heart disease in women. 

It also contributes to the maintenance of bone density, which helps prevent osteoporosis, a condition more prevalent in aging men.

2. Lifestyle Choices

Differences in lifestyle choices between genders significantly impact longevity. Men are statistically more likely to engage in risky behaviors, such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and dangerous activities. 

These behaviors increase the likelihood of developing various health problems and premature death. Women, on the other hand, tend to adopt healthier habits, including better dietary choices, regular exercise, and seeking preventive care.

3. Risk-Taking Behavior

Men are often associated with higher levels of risk-taking behavior than women. This tendency towards risk can lead to engaging in dangerous activities, such as reckless driving, extreme sports, or hazardous occupations, which may increase the likelihood of accidents and premature death.

In contrast, women tend to exhibit more cautious behavior, making them less prone to life-threatening situations. This is the answer to why do females live longer than males.

Related: 3 Secrets To Living A Longer, Better And Happier Life

4. Biological Immune System Differences

Studies have shown that females generally have a more robust immune system compared to males. This biological advantage could explain why women are often better equipped to fight off infections and diseases. 

It is believed that sex hormones, particularly estrogen, play a role in enhancing immune responses. However, this strength can also have negative consequences, as an overactive immune system may increase the risk of autoimmune diseases in women. 

When answering how much longer do women live than men and who live longer men or women, this becomes a crucial factor.

5. Socioeconomic Factors

Socioeconomic factors, such as access to healthcare and occupational hazards, can also impact life expectancy. Historically, men have been overrepresented in high-risk professions, such as mining, construction, and armed forces, which can lead to increased mortality rates.

Women, on the other hand, have generally been more engaged in lower-risk occupations. Additionally, women often prioritize their health, seeking medical attention more regularly and benefiting from reproductive health services.

6. Cultural and Historical Perspectives

Societal expectations, gender norms, and cultural factors can influence lifestyle choices and behaviors that impact health outcomes. Men are often socialized to be stoic, downplaying health concerns and avoiding seeking help when needed. 

This reluctance to address health issues promptly can lead to delayed interventions and poorer health outcomes. Women, on the other hand, are encouraged to be more proactive about their health, leading to earlier detection of diseases and better management.

Well, now we know why do females live longer than males. It is important to note that while females generally have a longer life expectancy, this trend is not universal. There are variations across different populations, regions, and time periods. 

Moreover, advancements in healthcare, improvements in living conditions, and changing societal norms have contributed to narrowing the gender gap in life expectancy over time.

The longevity advantage of females over males is the result of a complex interplay between biological, behavioral, socioeconomic, and cultural factors. While biology certainly plays a role, lifestyle choices, risk-taking behavior, and societal influences also significantly contribute to the observed gender gap in life expectancy. 

By understanding these factors, we can strive to promote healthier lifestyles, improve access to healthcare for all, and challenge societal norms that hinder men from seeking help when needed.

Related: Science Proves That Your Thoughts Is A Strong Predictor Of How Long You Live

How Can Men Live Longer

So do females live longer than males? Yes! But how can men live longer? Men can increase their chances of living longer by adopting a range of healthy lifestyle choices and practices:

1. Regular Health Check-Ups

Regular medical check-ups can help detect and address health issues early, improving overall longevity.

2. Healthy Diet

A well-balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

3. Physical Activity

Regular exercise helps maintain a healthy weight and promotes cardiovascular health. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week.

4. Avoid Smoking

Smoking is a major contributor to various health problems, so quitting or avoiding tobacco is crucial for longevity.

5. Limit Alcohol Consumption

Moderate alcohol consumption may have some health benefits, but excessive drinking should be avoided.

6. Stress Management

Reducing stress through relaxation techniques or activities like meditation can positively impact longevity. This is how can men live longer. 

7. Cognitive Engagement

Staying mentally active through reading, puzzles, or engaging in intellectually stimulating activities can help maintain cognitive health as men age.

8. Social Connections

Maintaining strong social networks and staying socially engaged can contribute to emotional well-being and longer life.

9. Safe Driving

Practicing safe driving habits, obeying traffic rules, and avoiding distractions while driving can significantly reduce the risk of accidents.

10. Healthy Relationships

Strong social connections and supportive relationships contribute to overall well-being and can help men live longer.

11. Safety Measures

Avoiding risky behaviors, such as reckless driving and unprotected sex, can prevent accidents and infections. This is crucial for how can men live longer.

12. Mental Health Care

Seeking help for mental health concerns, like depression or anxiety, is essential for overall well-being and longevity.

13. Preventive Healthcare

Vaccinations and preventive healthcare measures can protect against infectious diseases and conditions.

14. Weight Management

Maintaining a healthy weight reduces the risk of obesity-related health issues, such as diabetes and heart disease.

15. Sleep Quality

Prioritizing good sleep hygiene and obtaining adequate rest is crucial for health and longevity.

16. Limit Red Meat and Processed Foods

Reducing consumption of red meat and processed foods can lower the risk of heart disease, cancer, and other health issues.

17. Hydration

Staying well-hydrated is essential for overall health. Adequate water intake supports bodily functions and helps prevent dehydration-related complications.

18. Brain Health

Mental stimulation, such as learning new skills or hobbies, can help maintain cognitive function and reduce the risk of age-related cognitive decline.

19. Sun Protection

Protecting the skin from excessive sun exposure and using sunscreen can prevent skin cancer and premature aging.

20. Positive Outlook

Maintaining a positive attitude, engaging in hobbies, and having a sense of purpose can contribute to a longer and more fulfilling life.

Remember, the key to living longer lies in a combination of a healthy lifestyle, regular medical check-ups, and proactive management of risk factors. These practices can significantly improve a man’s chances of a longer, healthier life.

Related: Ikigai: The Japanese Secret To A Long And Happy Life


So who live longer men or women? And do females live longer than males? While it is true that, on average, females tend to live longer than males, the reasons behind this discrepancy are multifaceted and extend beyond biological factors alone. A combination of biological, behavioral, socioeconomic, and cultural influences contributes to the observed gender gap in life expectancy. 

By understanding these factors, we can appreciate the complexity of longevity and work towards promoting healthier lifestyles, improving access to healthcare for all, and challenging societal norms that hinder men from seeking help when needed. 

Ultimately, the goal should be to ensure that everyone, regardless of gender, has the opportunity to live a long, healthy, and fulfilling life.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Why do female live longer than male?

Various factors contribute to the female advantage in longevity, including genetics, hormonal differences, and healthier lifestyle choices.

Which gender has the highest death rate? 

In many populations, males tend to have a higher death rate compared to females, attributed to factors like riskier behaviors and health disparities.

What is the lifespan of a woman compared to a man?

On average, women tend to live longer than men, with a global lifespan gender gap of about 5-7 years.

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