Has setting limits not worked? Despite your efforts, are your boundaries often ignored? It’s frustrating, but it’s not always the other person’s fault. Here’s why and what to do.
There are several reasons why boundaries don’t work. As I wrote in Codependency for Dummies and How to Speak Your Mind – Become Assertive and Set Limits, assertiveness is a prerequisite to setting effective boundaries, and it isn’t easy.
“Setting boundaries is an advanced form of assertiveness. It involves risk and entails taking a position about who you are, what you’re willing to do or not do, and how you want to be treated and respected in your relationships. It first requires awareness of your values, feelings, and needs, plus some practice in making “I” statements about them.” From How to Speak Your Mind – Become Assertive and Set Limits.
Why Assertiveness is Difficult
Learning assertiveness takes self-awareness and practice. Often due to underlying shame and low self-esteem, codependents, especially, find this difficult, because:
- They don’t know what they need or feel.
- Even when they do, they don’t value their needs, feelings, and wants, and put others’ needs and feelings first. They feel anxious and guilty asking for what they want or need.
- They don’t believe that they have rights.
- They fear someone’s anger or judgment (e.g., being called selfish or self-centered).
- They’re ashamed of being vulnerable, showing feelings or asking for what they want and need.
- They fear losing someone’s love, friendship, or approval.
- They don’t want to be a burden.
Instead of being assertive, codependents communicate dysfunctionally, as they learned from their parents, often being passive, nagging, aggressive, or critical or blaming. If you nag, attack, blame, or criticize someone, he or she will react defensively or tune you out. Assertiveness can be learned with practice.
Why Boundaries Don’t Work
If you’ve repeatedly communicated your boundaries assertively and it’s not working, it’s likely because:
1. Your tone is not firm or is blaming or critical.
2. There’s no consequence for violating your boundary.
3. You back down when challenged with reason, anger, threats, name-calling, the silent treatment, or responses such as:
- “Who do you think you are, telling me what to do?”
- “That’s selfish of you.”
- “Stop controlling me.”
4. You make threats too frightening or unrealistic to carry out, such as “If you do that again, I’ll leave.”
5. You don’t sufficiently appreciate the importance of your needs and values.
6. You don’t exercise consequences on a consistent basis – every time your boundary is violated.
7. You back down because you sympathize with the other person’s pain, and you place his or her feelings and needs above your own.
8. You’re insisting that someone else change. Consequences aren’t meant to punish someone or change his or her behavior, but rather require you to change your behavior.
9. You don’t have a support system to reinforce your new behavior.
10. Your words and actions are contradictory. Actions speak louder. Actions that reward someone for violating your limit prove that you aren’t serious. Here are some examples:
- Telling your neighbor not to come over without calling first, and then allowing her to come into your apartment uninvited.
- Telling your boyfriend “no contact,” and then texting or seeing him nonetheless.
- Telling someone not to call after 9 pm, but answering the phone.
- Giving attention that reinforces negative behavior, such as nagging or complaining about the unwanted behavior, but not taking any action. In the preceding example, answering the phone and saying, “I told you not to call,” still reinforces the unwanted behavior, albeit with negative attention, because you took the call.