Personality Archetypes – models of people, behaviors or personalities
By Carl Golden
Do you know every person has one dominant archetype that dominates our personality?
But, what exactly is an archetype?
The term “archetype” has a Greek origin and is a combination of the word archein, which means “original or old”; and typos, which means “pattern, model or type”. Together it means “original pattern” of which all other similar persons, objects, or concepts are derived.
The Swiss psychiatrist psychologist, Carl Gustav Jung, introduced the concept of archetype in his theory of the human psyche. He believed that archetypes (representing universal patterns and images) reside within the collective unconscious of people.
His concepts not only made a significant contribution to mainstream psychology but laid the foundation of both ancient and contemporary works.
What is the origin of these personal archetypes?
According to Jung’s analysis, these personality archetypes exist in the collective unconscious (the source of psychological inheritance) and regulate how humans experience certain things. Jung believes that the collective unconscious contains the experiences and knowledge that humans share. We tend to inherit these personality archetypes just like we inherit the genetic patterns of behavior.
In his book, The archetypes and the collective unconscious, Carl Jung mentioned that Archetypes represent fundamental human motifs of our experience as we evolved; consequentially, they evoke deep emotions. It is due to these archetypes in the world, there are so many powerful ideas in history, as per his book The Structure of the Psyche.
Jungian Personality archetypes
Jung defined twelve personality archetypes that symbolize basic human motivations. As per Jung’s theory archetypes are inborn tendencies that influence human behavior. Each type has its own set of values, meanings and personality traits.
A study published in Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences identified that a person can have several dominant archetypes in the early youth stage, but one dominant archetype is linked with several personality traits.
Also, the twelve types are divided into three sets of four, namely Ego (conscious mind), Soul and Self. The types in each set share a common driving source, for example, types within the Ego set are driven to fulfill ego-defined agendas. Understanding each type can give valuable insights into what drives our goals, desires, behaviors, and motivation.
The Ego Types
1. The Innocent
Motto: Free to be you and me
Core desire: to get to paradise
Goal: to be happy
Greatest fear: to be punished for doing something wrong
Strategy: to do what is right
Weakness: boring for all their naive innocence and overly trusting person
Talent: faith, positive outlook towards life, can uplift others
The Innocent is also known as: Utopian, mystic, romantic, saint, traditionalist, naive, dreamer and happy-go-lucky.
2. The Orphan/Regular Guy or Gal
Motto: All men and women are created equal
Core Desire: to connect with others
Goal: belonging in the world
Greatest fear: to be left out or to stand out from the crowd
Strategy: develop ordinary solid virtues, be down to earth, the common touch, join groups and communities to find a place to fit in
Weakness: being cynical or losing one’s own self in the quest to fit in or for the sake of superficial relationships
Talent: realism, honesty, empathy, pragmatic, lack of pretense
The Regular Person is also known as: The good old boy, the working stiff, the realist, the good neighbor, the solid citizen, the silent majority.
3. The Hero
Motto: Where there’s a will, there’s a way
Core desire: to prove one’s worth through courageous acts
Goal: expert mastery in a way that improves the world
Greatest fear: weakness, vulnerability,
Strategy: to be strong, competent and stand up for others
Weakness: arrogance, always needing another battle to fight
Talent: competence and courage
The Hero is also known as: The warrior, superhero, crusader, rescuer, the soldier, dragon slayer, the winner, and the team player.
Do you know people with low confidence have common personality archetypes? To better understand this read 7 Inner Archetypes That Cripple Your Confidence and Self-Respect
4. The Caregiver
Motto: Love your neighbor as yourself
Core desire: to protect and care for others
Goal: to help others
Greatest fear: selfishness and ingratitude
Strategy: doing things for others
Weakness: not able to say no, martyrdom and being exploited for good nature
Talent: compassion, generosity
The Caregiver is also known as: The saint, helper, empath, altruist, parent, compassionate, supporter.
The Soul Types
5. The Explorer
Motto: Don’t fence me in
Core desire: the freedom to find out who you are through exploring the world
Goal: to experience a better, more fulfilling life in one lifetime
Biggest fear: getting trapped, conformity, and inner emptiness
Strategy: travel, experiencing new things, escape from boredom, learn new ideas and philosophies.
Weakness: aimless wandering, becoming a misfit, inability to stick at things or relationships for too long
Talent: autonomy, ambition, being true to one’s soul
The explorer is also known as: The seeker, wanderer, iconoclast, pilgrim, individualist
6. The Rebel
Motto: Rules are made to be broken
Core desire: reform or revolution
Goal: to overturn what isn’t working
Greatest fear: to be powerless
Strategy: disrupt, destroy, do things differently,
Weakness: crossing over to the dark side, crime
Talent: outrageousness, no hesitation to abandon good traditions to reform, radical freedom,
The Rebel is also known as: The revolutionary, the misfit, wild man, iconoclast.
7. The Lover
Motto: You’re the only one
Core desire: intimacy and experience
Goal: to be around people and relationships they love
Greatest fear: unloved, unwanted, being alone,
Strategy: seek harmony in everything, to become more and more physically and emotionally attractive,
Weakness: outward-directed desire to please others at risk of losing own identity, hard to deal with conflict
Talent: passion, diplomacy, gratitude, appreciation, and commitment
The Lover is also known as: The partner, enthusiast, friend, intimate, sensualist, spouse, team-builder.
Personality archetypes determine your romantic nature and the love language you speak. To know more read Five Romantic Archetypes: Which One Are You?
8. The Creator
Motto: Do what you imagine
Core desire: to create things of enduring value
Goal: to realize a vision
Greatest fear: mediocre vision or execution or passive consumer of anything
Strategy: develop artistic control and skill
Task: to create culture, express own vision
Weakness: perfectionism, bad solutions
Talent: creativity and imagination
The Creator is also known as: The artist, inventor, innovator, musician, writer or dreamer.
The Self Types
9. The Jester
Motto: You only live once
Core desire: to live in the present and enjoy to the fullest
Goal: to have a great time and lighten up the world
Greatest fear: being bored or boring others
Strategy: be funny, play, make jokes
Weakness: frivolity, wasting time, hide emotions and pain through humor
Talent: joy, humor
The Jester is also known as: The fool, trickster, deep soul or comedian.
10. The Sage
Motto: The truth will set you free
Core desire: to seek truth.
Goal: Understand the world with intelligence
Biggest fear: being misled—or ignorance.
Strategy: seek information and knowledge; self-reflection and understanding thought processes, simplify complicated ideas.
Weakness: can study details forever and never act.
Talent: wisdom and intelligence.
The Sage is also known as: The expert, philosopher, scholar, detective, advisor, academic, researcher, professional, mentor, thinker, listener, planner, teacher, and contemplative.