Astrology in Different Cultures

 April 04, 2018

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Astrology in Different Cultures

Aside from being closely related to Chinese philosophy, Chinese astrology also takes a lot of elements such as traditional Chinese astronomy and calendars which are concepts not found in Western astrology—making it a very comprehensive form of astrology.

Core Principles

  • The theory of the harmony between heaven, earth, and water is the guiding principle behind Chinese astrology. It is also based on the principles of yin and yang, the complementary forces in nature, and other concepts not found in Western astrology such as the lunisolar calendar.
  • Chinese astrology takes into account the position of the major planets, sun, moon, and comets at the time one is born, as well as the zodiac sign to determine that person’s destiny. Modern-day Chinese astrology also believes in computing a person’s fate based on birthday, birth season, and birth hours.
  • The Chinese lunar (also called lunisolar) calendar is a major component of Chinese astrology. The start of each lunar year depends on the cycles of the moon’s phases, which is in contrast to the solar calendar being used in the West whose annual cycles are based only directly upon the solar year.
  • The Chinese zodiac follows a 12-year lunar cycle, with the year in which you were born determines your sign.
  • Each sign is represented by one of 12 animals, which is believed to be chosen by Buddha to honor them for visiting him just before he died. Each sign is also assigned a set of attributes based on the nature of their animal counterpart.

Each of the 12 animals in the Chinese zodiac appears in the Chinese calendar in a cycle of 12 years following this order: Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Goat, Monkey, Rooster, Dog, and Pig.

Thanks to the influence of Chinese astrology, the calendar was invented to help people organize their life and establish laws that are in harmony with the world.

The Chinese zodiac is also significant since the signs have helped the Chinese mark or date years according to the 12-cycle period being followed in the Chinese calendar.

Vedic Astrology

Do you believe in the saying “What goes around comes around?” Such is the essence of karma or the belief that whatever you do, whether good or bad, comes back to you.

The subject of karma also implies that what you do is based on your motive or intention, with corresponding repercussions or outcomes, of course.

Whether or not you believe in karma, it’s one of the elements that heavily influence Indian or Vedic astrology, which is a popular concept in the modern age.

Vedic astrology is an astrological system that was developed in India 4000 to 6000 years ago and follows the principles and practice of the Hindu religion. Also known as Jyotisa, which translates to “light,” Vedic astrology focuses on astral patterns of light and how those patterns influence the destiny or Dharma of humans.

Like Western astrology, Vedic astrology uses the 12 signs of the zodiac, although the two differ in the way their calendars relate to the signs.

Core Principles

Vedic culture views nature with three primary attributes and humans with four legitimate motivations.

  • Attribute 1: Rajas – pertains to passion and activity
  • Attribute 2: Tamas – pertains to darkness and chaos
  • Attribute 3: Sattva – pertains to harmony and goodness

 

  • Motivation 1: Dharma – the performance of meaningful work
  • Motivation 2: Artha – the acquisition of wealth and material security
  • Motivation 3: Kama – the desire for emotional and sensual enjoyment
  • Motivation 4: Moksha – spiritual liberation and enlightenment

 

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