Mindful practices have an overpowering effect on mystical experiences and that includes meditation. Meditation as a mystical practice has always intrigued people, as it is said to enhance mindfulness and can induce powerful mystical states.
What is Meditation?
Meditation is a practice of mind and body that has been used to increase mental and physical relaxation, enhancing psychological balance, coping with illness, and improving overall well-being.
Some other definitions are;
- An act of giving attention to only one thing: could be religious as per faith or for relaxation.
- The transformation from being self ego-centered to God-centered
Difference between Meditation and Prayer.
Prayers are a fundamental part of monotheistic religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Often, these are conventional and performed out of devotion, praise, forgiveness, and petition to God and considered as obligatory to every individual of faith.
Whereas, meditation is meant to focus on ones’ soul in order to gain higher spiritual rank or spiritual awareness with one’s efforts. Meditations are carried out with certain formality; sit in Silence and concentrate on thoughts in the mind.
The scientific reasoning behind meditation.
Many researchers around the world are giving their attention to finding the impacts of meditation and how it enhances our wellbeing.
A determined researcher Desbordes used Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) which records brain activity during scan along with taking pictures of the brain, unlike regular MRI. In 2012, she stated that changes in the brain activity of the subject were detected who learned to meditate over two months.
According to her, she took before and after scans of those learners and brought some unexpected changes. She scanned the subjects even when they were doing everyday tasks while not performing meditation. She observed that the scan still detected changes in the brain’s activation pattern from the beginning to the end of the study. Also, this was the first time when a change in brain activation occurred and called Amygdala.
In another study called neurotheology, Dr. Andy Newberg researched how the brain reacts to certain situations, say, spiritual meditation. He demonstrated that there are very substantial differences when we look at the brains of people who religiously or spiritually meditate in their practices especially when they try to meditate on God. He took the experiment on a religious person and asked him to meditate on the divine for about 10 to 12 minutes.
Then he scanned the brain through a 3D scanner to see the changes after meditating on God and observed the increase in the activation of the frontal lobe. He further elaborated that Buddhist monks and Nun were also able to possess the same results whereas an Atheist (a person who doesn’t believe in the existence of God) even after meditating or contemplating God was not able to activate his frontal lobes very much.
Religious perspective of meditation.
Almost every religion prospects meditation and aspires to practice it to reach God. However, ideologies might vary from religion to religion. In some religions, it is considered as an additional prayer over traditional practices.
Whereas, in some, it is known to be the finest path to consciously experience Divinity. Meditation seems to be the backbone of many religions which makes it a universal practice.
Meditation in Hinduism.
As in other religions, meditation has a special space in the religious practices of Hindu believers. It is considered an important spiritual and religious practice that starts from self-cognition and moves towards Devine enlightenment.
There are many forms of meditational practices in Hinduism. One of the most common is Yoga which mainly consists of these stages: ‘Dharana, Dhyana, and Samadhi’; the sacred names of meditation.