‘Phobia’ is an extreme or irrational fear of something. Scientists say that phobics realize their fear is irrational and not justified, but it cannot help. Mere sight or sound of an animal, object or any situation or event that is not all harmful can still trigger panic attacks and severe anxiety. It can be a spider in the wardrobe or a sight of blood in the hospital. Anxiety associated with such things starts as a conditioned reflex.
The source of phobia can be vast and unique. The exact cause of the phobia and the biological mechanism is unclear but psychologists and researchers have long assumed that phobias may be memories passed down through generations in DNA. So, if you fear water (hydrophobia), you may have inherited the experience of your ancestors.
Alexander the Great, Napoleon, Mussolini, and Hitler, all suffered from ailurophobia, the fear of cats.
What are the common and unique phobias?
According to the study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry, there are many fears that go unnoticed and unreported. Most people avoid them and don’t prefer treatment. Researchers revealed some common phobias that seem to affect a large number of people. However, there are some unique fears that are difficult to identify because they seem to affect only a handful of people and are very specific in nature.
The common phobias include fear of flying, fear of water, fear of snakes and spiders, fear of confined spaces, fear of heights, thunders, and flying. These unique fears include fear of beard, clouds, garlic, chickens, ice, and certain names.
There are hundreds of phobias but you will find that most of them fall into four major categories mentioned below. But, there are some unique and bizarre phobias that do not fit into one of these categories.
- Fears of a natural environment
Some people are found to fear certain places or situations that naturally occur. For example fear of forests (hylophobia), sea (thalassophobia), floods (antlophobia), thunder (astraphobia), lightning, etc.
- Fears of animals
One of the most common types of specific phobias is animal phobias which are fears related to chickens, dogs (cynophobia), bulls (taurophobia), insects, domestic and wild animals (agrizoophobia).
- Fears related to specific situations
People with situational phobias tend to avoid certain situations even if it hampers very important matters of life. For example, fear of flying (aerophobia), fear of being alone (autophobia) etc.
- Fears of certain medical issues or treatment
Phobics may experience fear of illnesses that require medical treatment or doctors who perform specific medical procedures. For example, fear of injections (trypanophobia), dental surgery (odontophobia), medicines (pharmacophobia) etc.
Here is the ultimate list of Phobias that will leave you surprised.
Ablutophobia –Fear of washing or bathing.
Acarophobia – Fear of itching or of the insects that cause itching.
Acerophobia – Fear of sourness.
Achievemephobia – The fear of success.
Achluophobia –Fear of darkness (common for kids).
Acousticophobia – Fear of noise.
Acrophobia – Fear of heights.
Aerophobia –Fear of drafts, air swallowing, or airbourne noxious substances.
Aerophobia – Fear of flying.
Aeronausiphobia – Fear of vomiting secondary to airsickness.
Agateophobia – Fear of insanity.
Agoraphobia – Fear of open spaces (small rooms, elevators) or crowds.
Agraphobia – Fear of sexual abuse.
Agrizoophobia – Fear of wild animals.
Agyrophobia – Fear of streets or crossing the street.
Aichmophobia – Fear of needles or pointed objects.
Watch out this interesting video to know about the deepest fear:
Ailurophobia – Fear of cats.
Albuminurophobia – Fear of kidney disease.