3. B: The evolutionary perspective in psychology focuses on a Darwinian perspective, which addresses how behavioral attributes can be thought of as adaptations that help to facilitate survival and reproduction of individuals within a species.
4. D: The nervous system is comprised of millions of nerve cells called neurons that release chemicals called neurotransmitters that underlie psychological phenomena.
5. A: Experimental methods in psychology are designed to see if two variables are causally related to one another (in other words, to see if scores on Y are caused by scores on X).
6. C: Rods on the retina largely serve the function of facilitating vision under low-light conditions. Many nocturnal animals have high proportions of rods on their retinas as an adaptation to such conditions.
7. D: Industrial/Organizational Psychology is the sub-field that focuses on psychological processes in work and organizational contexts.
8. C: Work on attachment styles in children primarily focuses on how children are behavioral attached to their caregivers.
9. B: The Big Five personality traits are extraversion, neuroticism, open-mindedness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Emotional intelligence is not one of them.
10. B: A core idea that underlies Freudian approaches to therapy is that of the unconscious.
So how’d you do? Here is a quick guide to help give you a sense of your general psychology knowledge:
9-10: Psychology ace! You probably majored in psychology and did really well in your classes. Congratulations!
7-8: Not bad! This is about how well a student who has mastered some psychology classes might score.
5-6: Getting there! Seems like you have some psychology knowledge, but you have a bit to learn yet.
4 or lower: You might want to read up on your psychology!
Geher, G. (2019). Own Your Psychology Major! A Guide to Student Success. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Written by: Glenn Geher, Ph.D. Originally appeared on Psychology Today Republished with permission