What Is Dementia: Symptoms, Causes, Types and Treatment


Different Types of Dementia

There are many different varieties of dementia. Dementia may be divided into two categories primarily based on which part of the brain is affected. These include –

1. Cortical dementia

Cortical dementias happen due to issues in the cerebral cortex, the outer layer of the brain. They play a critical position in reminiscence and language. People with these kinds of dementia usually have severe memory loss and can not remember phrases or recognize the language. Alzheimer’s and Creutzfeldt-Jakob ailment are two forms of cortical dementia.

2. Subcortical dementia

Subcortical dementias happen due to troubles within the elements of the brain below the cortex. People with subcortical dementias tend to expose changes in their velocity of questioning and ability to begin activities. Usually, people with subcortical dementia do not have forgetfulness and language problems. Parkinson’s sickness, Huntington’s ailment, and HIV can cause these varieties of dementia.

The boundaries among different varieties of dementia are indistinct and mixed forms often co-exist.

Diagnosis of Dementia

Doctors can determine that someone has dementia with a high degree of certainty. But it’s harder to determine the exact type of dementia because the symptoms and brain modifications of different dementias can overlap.

A medical assessment for dementia normally includes:

1. Medical records

Typical questions about someone’s clinical and family records might include asking about whether dementia runs inside the family, how and when signs and symptoms began, changes in behavior and personality, and if the individual is taking certain medications that could motivate or worsen signs and symptoms.

2. Physical exam  

Measuring blood pressure and other critical signs and symptoms may assist physicians to detect situations that might cause or arise with dementia. Some situations may be treatable.

3. Neurological tests

Assessing balance, sensory response, reflexes, and different cognitive functions help in identifying situations that may have an effect on the prognosis or are treatable with drugs.

Treatment of Dementia

Brain cellular death can’t be reversed, so there’s no known treatment for degenerative dementia. Most styles of dementia can’t be cured, however, there are approaches to control your signs and symptoms. If dementia signs and symptoms are due to a reversible, non-degenerative cause, however, some remedies can be viable to save you or halt in addition to brain tissue damage.

The following medicines are used to temporarily improve dementia symptoms:

1. Cholinesterase inhibitors

These medications work through boosting levels of a chemical messenger concerned with memory and judgment. Primarily used to deal with Alzheimer’s disease.

2. Memantine

It works by regulating the activity of glutamate, another chemical messenger concerned with mental functions, including learning and memory.

Read: 5 Scientific No-Fail Ways To Improve Your Memory 

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Kylie Clark

A kind psychologist with knowledge about therapeutic interventions (REBT & CBT). Experienced in taking one - one counselling sessions.View Author posts