9. Rosy retrospection
Most of us tend to remember our past as more pleasing than it actually was. Moreover, we expect our future to be riddled with problems and be much worse than it probably will be. Our mind tricks us into believing that the past was better than it was in reality.
Rosy retrospection is a psychological phenomenon of individuals judging their past improperly and falsely believing them to be more positive than their current situation.
Want to improve your memories? Read 5 Scientific No-Fail Ways To Improve Your Memory
10. Confirmation bias
We tend to seek ways to validate & justify our previously held beliefs by accepting ideas which support our ideals, avoiding anything contradictory in the process. Confirmation bias is a kind of cognitive bias which makes us support and prefer information which confirms our currently existing biases and beliefs.
11. Spotlight effect
We tend to overestimate our belief that others usually observe and notice how we appear, behave and act in public. However, in reality, most people are preoccupied with their own things and focus on their own issues and agendas rather than on others.
The spotlight effect makes us falsely believe that people notice us more than they do in reality. This is an outcome of egocentrism as we are the heroes of our own stories. However, this doesn’t necessarily mean you’re arrogant or a narcissist.
12. Just world hypothesis
It is because we want the world to be fair, we tend to believe that it is. We presume that good things happen to good people and bad people get what they deserve. We believe that hard work pays off in the end. However, it is not necessarily the truth.
According to the just-world phenomenon, people want to believe that the world is just and fair and we get what we deserve. So we seek ways to justify injustice, often by blaming the victim for their situation.
13. Halo effect
How we judge someone depends on how intensely we like or feel attracted to that person. As human beings we judge others as a natural instinct. However, this judgement often depends on how well we get along with that person.
The halo effect is cognitive bias where our general impression of someone determines how we think and feel about their behavior, actions and character. Your perception of a particular trait can influence how you perceive their other aspects.
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14. Dunning-kruger effect
This is one of the most common mind tricks that most of us experience. According to this concept, the more knowledge we have about a particular topic, the less confident we feel about what we know about it. The more you know, the more you underestimate your abilities. Conversely, people who have little understanding of something, generally overestimate their capability and understanding.
Developed by psychologists David Dunning and Justin Kruger, the Dunning-Kruger Effect is a cognitive bias which claims that individuals who are inept and unskilled at something are usually incapable of realizing the truth. Apart from identifying their incompetence, these people actually feel confident and believe that they are excellent at it.
15. Curse of knowledge
This is another one of the most common mind tricks that we fall victim to. It is a cognitive bias where an individual unintentionally assumes that all other people they communicate with possess the background knowledge about the topic they are discussing necessary to properly understand their message.
The curse of knowledge refers to the belief that because you know something, you assume others understand it too. It is when we fail to realize that other people may not know what we already know.
16. Framing effect
The framing, context & delivery of new ideas affect us a lot more than we may realize. The entire advertising industry is based on this trick our brain plays on us as our mind is highly receptive to subtle cues in verbal & body language.
The Framing effect is the phenomenon where our decisions and choices are affected by how they get framed by language, settings and circumstances. It is a cognitive bias where we choose options depending on how the options are presented, with negative or positive connotations.
Understanding mind tricks
Our brains play various tricks on us and make us develop a lot of false beliefs for various reasons. These tricks can often confuse us in our daily lives. But in reality these tricks are designed to help us understand life better and survive the various challenges life throws at us. So even though these phenomena may be just tricks, it is the reason we are who we are.
Learning about and understanding these tricks can help us ascertain how these affect our lives, how they change our perceptions of the world and how we may live a happier, better and more fulfilling life.
Want to reduce the effects of brain’s tricks? Read 3 Ways to Improve Your Brain Health