This Is What A Personality Disorder Really Looks Like: Symptoms To Watch Out For

A Personality Disorder

2. Impaired interpersonal functioning

Interpersonal functioning refers to our ability to be empathic, have congenial interactions with others and cope with interpersonal problems. However, when you have PDs, you may have trouble with social interactions, become unable to build or maintain close relationships, lack empathy and be insensitive towards other people.

Related: 15 Everyday Habits That Gives Away Parts of Your Personality

Signs of personality disorders

Signs Of Personality Disorder
This Is What A Personality Disorder Really Looks Like: Symptoms To Watch Out For

As personality disorders include a wide range of conditions, the best way to identify the early signs is by looking at the disorders separately rather than as a cluster of disorders. Below the symptoms of each specific disorder is detailed. It is not necessary that you have to relate to all the signs of a specific disorder in order to be diagnosed. Moreover, you should also remember that all of us tend to have certain behavioral issues and unhealthy thoughts at times, but people with personality disorders experience the symptoms repeatedly in damaging ways. 

Here are the symptoms of each specific personality disorder from the 3 different clusters (Cluster A, Cluster B & Cluster C) –

1. Paranoid personality disorder

Paranoia, suspicion and distrust are the primary symptoms of this condition. Here are some of the other most common symptoms of paranoid personality disorder:

  • Intense paranoia
  • Persistent suspicion and mistrust of others, including loved ones
  • Irrational belief that people are trying to deceive, hurt or harm you
  • Hesitance and reluctance to talk openly with others due to doubt & fear 
  • Perceiving non-threatening gestures and remarks as personal attacks
  • Holding grudges for a long time
  • Believing or doubting that intimate partner or spouse is unfaithful
  • Aggressive behaviors or hostile emotional reactions to perceived threats
  • Inability or disinterest to consider others’ perspectives 
  • Constantly distrusting others’ motives and intentions
  • Shifting blame on others even in the presence of contradicting evidence
  • Overthinking & jumping to conclusions

Related: The Paranoid Partner: 20 Behavioral Traits of A Paranoid Personality in Relationships

2. Schizoid personality disorder

If you are suffering from this disorder, you may become detached, indifferent & distant in relationships. People with schizoid personality disorder may show these signs:

  • Preference for solitude and spending time alone
  • Disinterest in personal or social relationships
  • Inability to enjoy social or other daily activities
  • Inability to understand general social cues
  • Indifferent or cold towards other people
  • Difficulty managing intimate relationships
  • Lack of libido or interest in sexual activities
  • Social withdrawal or isolation
  • Inability to express a wide range of emotions
  • Prone to daydreaming
  • Inability to accept criticism or compliments 
  • Lack of motivation

3. Schizotypal personality disorder

Abnormal thoughts, behaviors and appearances are the common symptoms of this personality disorder. Schizotypal personality disorder may also manifest through the following signs:

  • Superstitious or odd beliefs and delusional thoughts
  • Peculiar behavior
  • Unusual manner of dressing
  • Incoherent speech
  • Limited and inappropriate emotional responses
  • Social anxiety or discomfort with intimate relationships
  • Strange perceptual experiences, like hearing whispers
  • Magical thinking or believing that you can influence the outcome of events simply by thinking
  • Indifference or inappropriate reaction to other people
  • Believing particular events carry secret messages targeted only at you
  • Anxiety and/or depression
  • Paranoia and suspicion

4. Antisocial personality disorder

People with this condition tend to be reckless, impulsive, deceiving, aggressive and prone to violence. Common signs and symptoms of antisocial personality disorder include:

  • Repeatedly disregarding or violating others’ rights, feelings or needs
  • Inability to abide by social norms
  • Lack of remorse for behaviors or actions
  • Prone to criminality and illegal behaviors
  • Violent or aggressive behavior
  • Persistently irresponsible
  • Prone to pathological lying, being deceitful & conning others
  • Difficulty maintaining a stable career
  • Constant issues with close personal relationship 
  • Frequent problems with the law or authority
  • Inability to learn from mistakes
  • Shifting blame on others for their own mistakes

Related: D.I.Y. Guide to a Sociopath’s Brain and Psyche

5. Borderline personality disorder

Also known as emotionally unstable personality disorder (EUPD), it leads to poor self-image, mood swings, intense emotions, severe anxiety, impulsive behavior and chaotic relationships. Symptoms for borderline personality disorder involve the following:

  • Instability in personal relationships
  • Hypersensitivity to rejection 
  • Strong emotions & unstable moods
  • Distorted self-identity and poor self-image
  • Impulsive behaviors, such as substance abuse, sexual promiscuity, overspending, gambling etc
  • Persistent feelings of emptiness
  • Intense and inappropriate display of anger
  • Repeated self-harm and suicidal tendencies
  • Severe anxiety and depression
  • Loss of contact with reality
  • Intense emotional reactions to stressors
  • Trouble with self-regulation
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Theo Harrison

Hey there! I am just someone trying to find my way through life. I am a reader, writer, traveler, fighter, philosopher, artist and all around nice guy. I am outdoor person but heavily into technology, science, psychology, spiritualism, Buddhism, martial arts and horror films. I believe in positive action more than positive thinking.View Author posts