4. Sadness is personal while depression is diagnosable
Sadness is personal and this emotion is entirely dependent on you. It is completely subjective and independent. Depression is diagnosable and has set criteria that an individual has to fulfil. The time period is not the only criteria. In addition to this, a specific number of symptoms are required for an official diagnosis. Some of the criteria can include:
- Feeling depressed throughout the day
- Lack of interest in the activities you once enjoyed
- Extreme fatigue
- Disruptive sleeping and eating patterns
5. Sadness is temporary while depression is permanent
Sad thoughts are temporary. Your mood can swing from happy to sad in seconds or hours. Even when you are sad, you can go about your day normally. However, if you are clinically depressed, you may find it difficult to endure life.
Depression is more permanent and requires treatment. If left untreated, it can have dire consequences. Depressed people have suicidal thoughts and tendencies as well. Studies suggest that the risk of suicide has been estimated to be 5% to 8% for several mental disorders such as depression or substance use disorders.
When does sadness turn into depression?
Although sadness is an emotional response, it is important to be aware of the signs of sadness that turn into depression. These symptoms can significantly impact one’s life and interfere with their daily functioning. Some of the signs include:
- Constant feelings of sadness
- Feeling hopeless
- Lack of interest in activities that were once enjoyed by the individual
- Feeling guilty or unworthy
- Physical symptoms such as headache, body ache or digestive distress
- Suicidal thoughts or tendencies
- Changes in sleeping and eating patterns
- Lack of concentration
Sadness vs depression
Sadness is a temporary emotion and can often be overcome with certain lifestyle adjustments. In case you experience these symptoms for more than two weeks, it is essential to seek professional help. The sooner you realize, the easier it is to change the situation. Depression is a mental health condition that can be treated with medication and therapy. Taking control of depression requires effort and determination. Including physical activity in your daily routine or focusing on doing the things you love can go a long way to improve your mood and mental health.