The concept of archetypes was introduced by the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung. Where do archetypes come from?
Jung believed that they come from one’s collective unconscious. He believed that archetypes played a role in determining the personality type of a person. He believed that most people were dominated by one specific archetype. He also suggested that archetypes are inborn tendencies that are inherited and play a crucial role in influencing human behavior.
Jung identified four major archetypes at the same time and believed that there was no limit to the number that may exist.
The four main archetypes are as follows:
1. The Persona
The persona is how we present ourselves to the world. The persona represents the different and unique social roles we play among various groups and situations. For example, a woman can play the role of a mother at home, and a boss in his professional life. Both the persona belongs to the same person, but they require a distinct set of skills to function. This persona archetype can appear in dreams and take the form of some other identities.
2. The Shadow
The shadow archetype consists of sex and life instincts. The shadow exists as a part of our unconscious mind and consists of all the repressed conflicts, needs, desires, instincts, and impulses.
3. The Anima or Animus
The anima is a feminine image in the male psyche, and the animus is a male image in the female psyche. The anima/animus represents the “true self” rather than the image formed to conform to the rules and regulations of the society. and serves as the primary source of communication with the collective unconscious.
4. The Self
The ‘self’ archetype represents the entire individual as a whole, with his/her unified unconsciousness and consciousness. The ‘self’ archetype integrates the various aspect of personality through the process of individuation. Jung believed that the self archetype represents the unified psyche as a whole.
Do you want Carl Jung to help you understand yourself? Read 20 Profound Quotes By Carl Jung That Will Help You To Better Understand Yourself
Other types of archetypes according to Carl Jung are as follows:
- The father: Authority figure; stern; powerful.
- The mother: Nurturing; comforting.
- The child: Longing for innocence; rebirth; salvation.
- The wise old man: Guidance; knowledge; wisdom.
- The hero: Champion; defender; rescuer.
- The maiden: Innocence; desire; purity.
- The trickster: Deceiver; liar; trouble-maker.
Do you want to find out your archetype? Which one of these archetypes best describes you?
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Jung CG. Structure & Dynamics of the Psyche in The Collected Works of CG Jung. V. 8. Princeton University Press. 1960.