8. Vitamin B12 Deficiency
This is also a part of the Vitamin B complex but it is a very important and essential vitamin needed by our body. This vitamin helps in blood formation and brain nerve function. This improves concentration, aids digestion. Vitamin B12 can’t be made by the body, instead, it must be gotten from food and supplements. That is why it is relatively common to have Vitamin B12 deficiency. People who take heartburn drugs can also face this issue which reduces the stomach acid resulting in low absorption of vitamin B12. People who already have disorders such as autoimmune thyroid disease, Addison’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, etc. are at higher risk for developing pernicious anemia or vitamin B12 deficiency.
Signs of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in kids
- Developmental delay
- Neurological problems
- Heart palpitation
- Numbness in hands and feet
- Memory disorder
- Reduced tactile sensation
- Difficulty swallowing
9. Vitamin K Deficiency
Vitamin K produces proteins that help the blood clot. It is needed for the prevention of hemorrhage. A vitamin K shot is given to babies born in the hospital if levels of vitamin K are too low and do not clot. A newborn’s gut cannot produce Vitamin K2 in the first few days. People who take blood thinners or high Vitamin A supplements and also infants are much likely at an increased risk of vitamin K deficiency. Also, the liver and gallbladder problem makes the body less able to absorb Vitamin K.
Signs of Vitamin K deficiency in kids
- Bleeding from the area where the umbilical cord has been removed
- Excessive bleeding
- Bleeding gums and nose
- Black and blue marks on the skin
- Stool that is black in color
- Easily bruising
Remember, malnutrition and nutritional deficiencies are different. Malnutrition refers to different conditions such as undernutrition, vitamin deficiency, and overnutrition (obesity), but nutritional deficiencies include deficiency of various nutrients or the body being unable to absorb nutrients.
If you suspect that your child has or is developing a nutritional deficiency or if a health disorder can lead to eventual deficiencies in nutrients, it is essential that medical evaluation is sought as soon as possible. Maintaining and if possible, optimizing nutritional health is essential for an improved quality-of-life! Although treatment can result in dramatic improvements in most children, it is also crucial for a parent to watch their kid’s daily diet and consumption of junk foods.