CBT is based on the idea that how we think (cognition), how we feel (emotion) and how we act (behavior) all interact together. Specifically, our thoughts determine our feelings and our behavior.
The cognitive therapist teaches clients how to identify distorted cognitions through a process of evaluation. The clients learn to discriminate between their own thoughts and reality. They learn the influence that cognition has on their feelings, and they are taught to recognize observe and monitor their own thoughts.
The behavior part of the therapy involves setting homework for the client to do (e.g. keeping a diary of thoughts). The therapist gives the client tasks that will help them challenge their own irrational beliefs.
The idea is that the client identifies their own unhelpful beliefs and them proves them wrong. As a result, their beliefs begin to change.
With the proper assistance and treatment, people with depression touch hope and move forward to live a better life.
- Beck, Aaron, T.; Rush, A. John; Shaw, Brian F.; Emery, Gary (1987). Cognitive Therapy of Depression. Guilford Press.
- “Overview of Beck’s Cognitive Theory of Depression”. personalityresearch.org.
- “Cognitive Behavioral Therapy | CBT | Simply Psychology”. simplypsychology.org.
- Beck, Aaron T.; Steer, Robert A.; Beck, Judith S.; Newman, Cory F. (1993-06-01). “Hopelessness, Depression, Suicidal Ideation, and Clinical Diagnosis of Depression”. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.
- Sadock, Sadock, Ruiz, Benjamin J., Virginia Alcott, Pedro (2009). Kaplan and Sadock’s Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
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