However, apart from the ones mentioned above, there are many other cognitive distortions that we can experience. Some of them are mentioned below:
- Gratitude trap
- Halo Effect
- Self-serving bias
- Entitlement beliefs
- Biased implicit attitudes
- Cognitive conformity
- In-group bias
- Assumed similarity
- Inability to consider opportunity cost
- Unrelenting standards
- Heaven’s Reward Fallacy
- Positively biased predictions
- The tendency to prefer familiar things
- The peak-end rule
- Inability to consider alternative explanations
The board of directors
Apart from Aaron Beck’s research on cognitive distortions, psychotherapist Matthew Cooksey and best-selling author Georgia Murch have also identified the following thought distortions, identified as ‘The Board of Directors’, that dominate our minds and distort our thoughts:
These are people who always blame others for their own mistakes and rarely own up to their own actions.
2. All about me-ers
As the name suggests, these individuals tend to be highly self-centered and selfish. They believe everyone is focused on them all the time.
3. Black and white thinkers
These people have polarized thinking and believe something is either perfect or unacceptable. There is no middle ground.
4. Negative thinkers
They always focus on the negative aspects of things and weed out the positive traits. They believe that the glass is always half empty.
5. Catastrophizers and minimisers (C&Ms)
These types of people either exaggerate or minimize information, situations or issues more than they actually are.
6. Always right
Known as ‘Righties,’ they constantly need to prove that their opinions are right and their actions or behaviors are correct in any given situation.
Also identified as victims, these individuals feel helpless as they tend to believe that everything is out of their control.
They are always focused on attaining perfection in everything they do and set impractical standards and expectations for themselves.
They are quick to make judgments about others based on limited information and make decisions based on their inaccurate judgments.
They believe that they are special individuals who should be treated better than others, regardless of whether they deserve it or not.
Read also: How Writing Can Help in Brain Development
Overcome cognitive distortions
Most of us can relate to some of these distorted thinking patterns. Now that you have gained some basic understanding of different types of cognitive distortions, learn to identify them when you engage in such flawed thought patterns. Once you learn to recognize them when they occur by being aware of your thoughts, you can start changing them.Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT) and cognitive restructuring can help you modify automatic thoughts so that you can better control your behaviors and emotions.
However, if such flawed thinking is causing mental health issues, like anxiety and depression, then make sure to seek professional help immediately. Changing negative beliefs and thoughts can enable you to feel motivated and live a more positive life.
Read also: How to Improve Your Cognitive Function?