11 Strange Syndromes You’ve Never Heard of (But Really MUST Know About!)


In the real world this syndrome is a little different, though. It’s usually the result of brain damage caused by a stroke or injury.

The best known case of the syndrome was reported by a Norwegian neurologist, so it’s not surprising that the brain’s neurology is intimately involved in this disorder. In fact, unlike the silly case of Ross Gellar, people who actually have FAS don’t control their accent at all. It just starts coming out when they talk and remains involuntary.

This may inhibit their natural expression in some ways or confuse friends and family for a while. But at least they don’t have to keep up a gut-busting charade in front of a college classroom for nine months.

Sympathetic Tendencies: Lima Syndrome

We’ve all heard about Stockholm Syndrome, which is when hostage victims develop a fondness for their captors. But did you know this can also develop in the other direction?

Yes, that’s Lima Syndrome.

Lima Syndrome takes its name from a hostage situation in Peru where the abductor developed sympathy for the hostage in a 1996 terrorist takedown at the Japanese embassy. The abductors ended up releasing the hostages after only a few hours. One perpetrator even referred to a hostage as “my friend” in the process.

It makes sense that in the highly charged situation of hostage-taking, the perpetrators might develop some emotional baggage. Their hearts gallop. Hair bristles on their arms.

They are probably in this situation of taking a hostage because they feel out of control and are trying to regain a sense of agency. And this is exactly what the hostage feels – out of control.

No matter what judgments one might make about a criminal act, it’s most easily defined as the behavior of a human being in crisis. Emotions are at their peak and the criminal’s in a vulnerable state. It makes sense, then, that the hostage taker may start empathizing with their hostages, who are also incredibly vulnerable.

Messed up, but totally true.

The Green Demon: Mad Delusional Jealousy Syndrome

Othello Syndrome, also known as Delusional Jealousy Syndrome, takes infidelity paranoia to the extreme.

In Shakespeare’s tragic play Othello, themes of jealousy swirl around dramatic characters until tragic consequences spill like blood onstage. But in Othello Syndrome, this isn’t mere fiction and can result in very real and often bloody consequences.

The afflicted evolve from mere accusations to then isolating, interrogating, and even physically harming their lover. That happens with absolutely zero evidence of their partner’s infidelity. Those with the disorder are completely obsessed with the idea of their love cheating and can’t let go of this belief no matter what is actually happening.

Clearly this syndrome involves more than just typical jealousy. But luckily, because it usually results from frontal lobe lesions, it’s unlikely to happen with your bae.

3 Times When a Vacation Blows Your Mind (No, Really!)

This set of syndromes stands apart because on the surface it seems sort of normal. We have all had an experience that doesn’t live up to our expectations. But these three are especially intriguing because they represent extreme examples of three seriously disturbing ways this disappointment can manifest itself.

The Wailing Wanderer: Jerusalem Syndrome

Jerusalem Syndrome happens most often with religiously motivated travelers to the holy city.